REDD+ in Tanzania
Tanzania is one of nine countries currently piloting REDD+ activities. Preparations for REDD+ began in Tanzania in 2008. Since that time, the National REDD+ Task Force (NRTF), operating out of the Vice President’s office, has developed a Stakeholder Consultation and Participation Plan and published both a National Framework for REDD+ and a Draft National Strategy for REDD+.
They have also begun eight pilot projects in collaboration with civil society and non-governmental organizations, funded by a US$17 million grant from the Government of Norway. Tanzania plans to collect data, build capacity and learn lessons on implementation from these pilot projects and other studies in order to further inform its REDD+ planning including its monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) protocols. The Tanzanian REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) states that Participatory Forest Management (PFM) will be the basis of Tanzania’s REDD+ program although the pilot projects are experimenting with a variety of project types.
Carbon tenure is an important element to all projects but to date no legislation exists directly referring to carbon rights. It is widely assumed that carbon tenure will be linked directly to tree tenure, which in Tanzania is tied to land tenure. The NRTF is still in discussions about how design benefit sharing. While no final decision has been made, it is likely that a national REDD+ Trust Fund will be established through which the government will receive and distribute REDD+ payments. It is obvious to most observers both in and out of government that such a system would require improved clarity in benefit sharing and higher levels of transparency and accountability.